President Trump at the border wall in Arizona
President Trump talks with Border Patrol Chief Rodney Scott as they tour a renovated section of border wall in San Luis, Arizona. REUTERS/Carlos Barria

A federal appeals court in San Francisco on Friday ruled President Trump was wrong to divert $2.5 billion meant for the Pentagon to build part of his long-sought wall along the U.S.-Mexico border.

In a pair of 2-1 decisions, the 9th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals said the White House lacked constitutional authority for the transfer, noting that Congress had denied the funding and finding no “unforeseen military requirement” to justify it.

The court also said California and New Mexico, which share a border with Mexico and were among 20 states suing the government, had legal standing to pursue their claims.

Trump had declared a national emergency at the border in February 2019 to access the funds.

Writing for the majority, however, Chief Judge Sidney Thomas said “the Executive Branch’s failure to show, in concrete terms, that the public interest favors a border wall is particularly significant given that Congress determined fencing to be a lower budgetary priority and the Department of Justice’s own data points to a contrary conclusion.”

The Justice Department had no immediate comment.

California Attorney General Xavier Becerra praised the San Francisco-based appeals court for halting Trump’s “unlawful money grab,” and said taxpayers deserve to know their money goes where Congress intends.

The appeals court also ruled that the Sierra Club and Southern Border Communities Coalition could sue over the diversion and deserved an injunction.

That ruling may be symbolic, after the U.S. Supreme Court said last July the nonprofits likely had no legal right to sue.

The Supreme Court also let the $2.5 billion be spent while litigation continued.

That blunts the likely impact of Friday’s decisions, which totaled 184 pages and upheld lower court rulings.

Both judges in Friday’s majority were appointed by President Bill Clinton, while the dissenting judge is a Trump appointee.

Chris Jennewein

Chris Jennewein is Editor & Publisher of Times of San Diego.