Illegal high-capacity magazines and an assault rifle recovered by the Long Beach Police Department in 2019. REUTERS

A federal appeals court Tuesday upheld California’s ban on high-capacity ammunition magazines, which a San Diego federal judge previously overturned and ruled was unconstitutional.

A divided 9th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals ruled by a 7-4 margin that California’s ban “on legal possession of large-capacity magazines reasonably supported California’s effort to reduce the devastating damage wrought by mass shootings.”

The ban outlaws magazines that hold more than 10 rounds of ammunition.

U.S. District Judge Roger T. Benitez in San Diego previously blocked the ban, ruling that the law violated the Second Amendment rights of gun owners and that its passage was an overreaction to high-profile gun crimes.

Benitez issued his ruling in favor of several San Diego County gun owners who argued the ban burdened lawful gun owners and did little to reduce violence. Benitez’s decision was upheld by a three-judge 9th Circuit panel last summer, prompting the “en banc” review of the case by the full court at the request of the California Attorney General’s Office.

California Attorney General Rob Bonta applauded the ruling, saying “Today’s decision is a victory for public safety in California. Gun violence is an epidemic in this country, but laws like our ban on large-capacity magazines are commonsense ways to prevent this violence, including devastating mass shootings. I’m thankful to the court for giving this case a second look, and confirming what we know to be true: our laws keep Californians safe while allowing law-abiding gun owners to exercise their constitutional rights.”

Chuck Michel, president of California Rifle & Pistol Association, a plaintiff in the original lawsuit, said the organization would appeal the ruling.

“We are truly disappointed that the Ninth Circuit en banc panel decided to go against the solid constitutional reasoning of other judges to strike down this win for gun owners,” Michel said.

“We will be appealing to the Supreme Court for a final determination because gun owners deserve to have someone fighting for them and their rights. The Second Amendment is a fundamental right, and it is time that courts stop treating that right like a second-class gift from government.”

Michael Schwartz, executive director of San Diego County Gun Owners, a Second Amendment political action committee, also criticized the ruling.

This decision essentially turns hundreds of thousands of people in California into felons for owning normal gun parts. A magazine is an essential part of a firearm and firearms are protected by the Second Amendment, ” said Schwartz. “The ability to defend yourself should not be limited by an arbitrary restriction put in place for political reasons.”

Judge Susan P. Graber, who authored the majority opinion, wrote the law “is a reasonable fit for the important government interest of reducing gun violence” and that large-capacity magazines have been used “in about three- quarters of gun massacres” with 10 or more deaths over the past 50 years and all such gun killings with more than 20 deaths.

In a dissenting opinion, Judge Patrick Bumatay — who was joined by Judges Sandra Ikuta and Ryan Nelson — wrote that the ban infringes on Californians’ Second Amendment rights and if applied nationwide, “it would require confiscating half of all existing firearms magazines in this country.”

The dissent continued, “While we acknowledge that California asserts a public safety interest, we cannot bend the law to acquiesce to a policy that contravenes the clear decision made by the American people when they ratified the Second Amendment.”

Democratic presidents appointed the seven judges in Tuesday’s majority, while Republican presidents appointed the four dissenting judges.

Updated at 6:50 p.m. Nov. 30, 2021

City News Service and Reuters contributed to this article.

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