Chart from U.S. Census Bureau report shows changing trend in immigration.

China and India have replaced Mexico as the main source of immigration into the United States, according to a new report released at a conference in San Diego.

The report by a team from the U.S. Census Bureau was presented at Population Association of America‘s annual conference, which concluded last weekend at the Hilton San Diego Bayfront.

The new data may change the debate over immigration reform, which has largely focused on Mexican immigration with calls to secure the southwester border. On Tuesday the Wall Street Journal suggested the issue is “caught in a time warp.”

Here are the immigration totals for 2013, including undocumented immigrants, based on the annual American Community Survey:

  • China — 147,000
  • India — 129,000
  • Mexico — 125,000

The authors noted that in addition to China and India, immigration from the Phillippines, Korea and Japan was growing

“This new pattern in the national origins of recent immigrants marks a dramatic change from recent decades,” the authors wrote in an abstract.

Eric Jensen, the lead author, noted that while Hispanics make up the largest ethic group in the United States, “it is likely that the contribution of immigration to overall population growth will be greater for Asians than for Hispanics.”

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Chris Jennewein

Chris Jennewein is Editor & Publisher of Times of San Diego.