Sunrise from Lyons Peak
Sunrise from Lyons Peak near Jamul in east San Diego County. Photo courtesy UC San Diego HPWREN network

By Sarah Mosko

How often do we talk about climate change to family, friends or coworkers? Probably next to never if we’re like most people.

Yale University’s national polling reveals that the majority of Americans accept that global warming is happening (73 percent) and are worried about it (63 percent). Even more want carbon dioxide regulated as a pollutant (81 percent).

Given these stats and the warning of scientists that the time window to prevent the worst effects of climate change is closing fast, what keeps us from openly discussing it?

For starters, many of us were raised to believe that talking politics is impolite. That climate change has become such a politically divisive issue adds to the reticence people experience in bringing it up.

Humanity is also ill equipped to respond to the kind of threat posed by a warming planet. Humans are quite adept at addressing “here and now” challenges like putting out a wildfire. However, we’ve not been prepared to respond to, or even easily comprehend, a long-term global problem like climate change because it unfolds so gradually over time and in the form of exacerbation of incidents not completely new to us.

While we can accept that the average global temperature is rising, climate change is principally experienced in our individual lives as increases in weather extremes. Because such events are not completely unfamiliar and we never know the extent to which climate change contributed to any one, we can’t feel the immediate urgency of the problem like we would if it stuck suddenly like an earthquake.

Moreover, the human psyche is resistant to tolerating for long the discomfort of contemplating the terrifying consequences of unchecked global warming, such as accelerated species extinctions and spread of diseases, social unrest and wars. The urge to veg out instead in front of the TV is understandably very human.

But human nature deserves only some of the blame — our politicians and the media are also culpable. Both have participated in the devaluation of science that makes it possible that many Americans remain suspicious of some basic facts, e.g. that more than nine out of ten climate scientists and nearly three out of four Americans are convinced of the reality of global warming.

The complicity of politicians and the media in ignoring climate change was blatant during the 2016 election season. As tallied by Fairness & Accuracy in Reporting, exactly zero questions were asked on the topic during the general election debates, and the few mentions of climate change by Hillary Clinton were made in passing.

Both our elected representatives and the media are entrusted with keeping the public informed about important issues impacting our individual lives and the nation as a whole. This should include straight talk about climate change solutions at every opportunity. Instead, they default to inflammatory “red meat” issues like abortion and gun control, conveniently keeping the public’s attention diverted from noticing that those institutions are abdicating their obligation to the public.

For all of these reasons and more, the public is left feeling personally impotent to do anything about climate change and fooled into thinking that our societal institutions are powerless too. The main point I want to make here is that our elected representatives in Congress are fully vested with the legislative power to address the problem effectively and globally, if only they would.

There is strong agreement among economists (both conservatives and liberals) that the only realistic answer to climate change is to implement a market-based solution that puts a gradually rising fee on carbon emissions worldwide to effect the necessary transition from a fossil fuel-based global economy to one reliant on renewable energy sources. Congress needs only to find the political will to pass a revenue-neutral price on carbon as it enters the economy (at the well, mine or port) along with a border tariff on imports imposed on countries that fail to follow to suit.

Revenue-neutrality means that the money collected is passed to American households on an equal basis in the form of a monthly dividend. Studies show such action would strengthen our economy, while effectively addressing the problem.

The upcoming midterm elections are an opportunity to rout out contenders who are impediments to enacting a solution to climate change. At minimum, we can visit each candidate’s website to see if climate change is even listed as one of their “issues.”

Some tips for talking about climate change: Discuss how effects of climate change, like temperature extremes and storms, could affect your own community, and remind others that even heads of major gas and oil companies support the Paris Climate Agreement.

Sarah “Steve” Mosko is a licensed psychologist, sleep disorders specialist, and freelance environmental writer who grew up in San Diego but currently lives in Orange County.