U.S. soldiers guard a burning oil well in Iraq in 2003. Navy photo via Wikimedia Commons

By analyzing the genomes of more than 250,000 military veterans, a team of scientists led by researchers at UC San Diego and Veterans Affairs San Diego Healthcare System have identified 18 specific, fixed positions on chromosomes known as loci, which appear associated with post- traumatic stress disorder, it was announced Thursday.

The findings validate the underlying biology of PTSD, its relationship to comorbid anxiety and depressive disorders, and provide potential new targets for treatment, write the authors in Thursday’s online issue of Nature Genetics.

“We’re very intrigued by the findings of this study, for example, as they pertain to the genetic relationships between different kinds of PTSD symptoms,” said co-principal investigator Dr. Murray Stein, professor of psychiatry and family medicine and public health at UCSD School of Medicine and a psychiatrist at VASDHS. “It also shows the huge value of the Million Veteran Program in facilitating research important to the care of our military veterans.”

The research team, which also included scientists from Yale University and West Haven Veterans Administraton, conducted genome-wide association studies of more than 250,000 persons of European and African ancestry participating in the Million Veteran Program. The studies involve rapidly scanning markers across complete sets of DNA, or genomes, of many people to find genetic variations associated with a particular disease.

Launched in 2011, the Million Veteran Program is a U.S. Veteran Affairs-sponsored research effort to learn how genes, lifestyle and military exposures affect health and illness. More than 825,000 U.S. veterans have joined.

The scientists surveyed veterans’ electronic health records for diagnosed cases of PTSD and for symptoms such as recurrent intrusive memories of traumatic events, severe emotional distress or physical reactions to reminders of traumatic events, self-destructive behaviors and difficulty sleeping.

PTSD is a serious mental disorder which can occur after exposure to extreme, life-threatening stress. It’s estimated that half to more than three- quarters of Americans experience traumatic events over a lifetime, but most do not develop PTSD. According to the researchers, lifetime prevalence for PTSD is approximately 7%, but much higher among veterans, which suggests people have varying degrees of resilience to stress and vulnerability to the disorder.

Susceptibility to PTSD has long been known to be heritable, they write.

The study directly compared the heritability of diagnostic PTSD cases with continuous, symptom-based phenotypes of PTSD. Though symptoms of PTSD are extremely diverse, their genetic overlap is high — an insight into the disorder’s underlying biology.

The researchers identified multiple genes repeatedly implicated in different PTSD phenotypes, indicating both that the genes were key players in development of the disorder and that they might be suitable targets for therapeutic drugs.

“These findings give us new insights into the biological basis of PTSD, and point to some possible next steps for testing new treatments,” said co-principal investigator Dr. Joel Gelernter, professor of Psychiatry, Genetics and Neuroscience at Yale School of Medicine and VA Connecticut Healthcare System.

–City News Service

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